Contents

  1. Acknowledgements
  2. Introduction
    1. About the Bettercare series
    2. Why decentralised learning?
    3. Bettercare Online Learning Station
    4. Books in the Bettercare series
    5. Format of the courses
    6. Contributors
    7. Updating the course material
    8. Contact information
    9. Registration
  3. 1. The history and examination
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. The first meeting
    4. The review of any referral information
    5. Basic information
    6. The history
    7. The physical examination
    8. Special investigations
    9. The assessment
    10. A plan of action
    11. Writing good clinical notes
    12. Case studies
  4. 2. Immunisation
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. BCG immunisation
    4. Polio immunisation
    5. Immunisation against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus (DPT)
    6. Measles immunisation
    7. Immunisation against Hepatitis B
    8. Immunisation against Haemophilus influenzae
    9. Handling vaccines
    10. Case studies
  5. 3. Growth and development
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Measuring body size
    4. The importance of growth monitoring
    5. Centile charts
    6. Growth curves
    7. Growth patterns
    8. Overweight and obesity
    9. The Road-to-Health Card
    10. Neurodevelopment
    11. Sexual development
    12. Case studies
  6. 4. Nutrition
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Malnutrition
    4. Protein energy malnutrition
    5. Vitamin deficiencies
    6. Trace element and mineral deficiencies
    7. Iron deficiency
    8. Case studies
  7. 5. Diarrhoea
    1. Objectives
    2. Diagnosis and causes of diarrhoea
    3. The complications of acute diarrhoea
    4. Treatment of diarrhoea
    5. Management of dehydration
    6. Prevention of diarrhoea
    7. Case studies
  8. 6. Upper respiratory tract conditions
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Common cold
    4. Acute sinusitis
    5. Allergic rhinitis
    6. Pharyngitis and tonsillitis
    7. Otitis media
    8. Epiglottitis
    9. Influenza
    10. Case Studies
  9. 7. Lower respiratory tract conditions
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Viral croup
    4. Bronchitis
    5. Bronchiolitis
    6. Pneumonia
    7. Asthma
    8. An approach to lower respiratory tract conditions
    9. Case Studies
  10. 8. Tuberculosis
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Tuberculosis
    4. Case studies
  11. 9. HIV infection
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Transmission of HIV to children
    4. Diagnosing HIV infection in a child
    5. The clinical diagnosis of HIV infection and AIDS
    6. Management of HIV-exposed infants
    7. Management of children with symptomatic HIV infection
    8. Case studies
  12. 10. Childhood infections
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Measles
    4. Chickenpox
    5. Mumps
    6. Herpes stomatitis
    7. Acute viral hepatitis
    8. Tick-bite fever
    9. Acute conjunctivitis
    10. Case studies
  13. 11. Parasites
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Roundworms
    4. WhipwormsWhipworms
    5. Pinworms
    6. Hookworms
    7. Tapeworms
    8. Hydatid disease
    9. Giardiasis
    10. Amoebiasis
    11. Bilharzia
    12. Malaria
    13. Case Studies
  14. 12. Skin conditions
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Local viral infection
    4. Local fungal infections
    5. Local bacterial infections
    6. Rashes due to systemic infections
    7. Local parasitic infestations
    8. Rashes due to skin irritants
    9. Rashes due to allergies
    10. Other skin conditions in children
    11. Typical presentation of rashes
    12. Case studies
  15. 13. Serious illnesses
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Acute rheumatic fever
    4. Acute glomerulonephritis
    5. Septicaemia
    6. Meningitis
    7. Pyelonephritis
    8. Other bacterial infections
    9. Diabetes
    10. Convulsions
    11. Cancer
    12. Case studies
  16. 14. Home and society
    1. Objectives
    2. Children’s rights
    3. Poverty
    4. Social environment
    5. Child abuse
    6. Street children
    7. Orphans
    8. Developmental screening
    9. Neurodevelopmental disability
    10. Behaviour and emotional problems
    11. Case studies
  17. 15. Childhood mortality
    1. Objectives
    2. Introduction
    3. Collecting information on under-5 deaths
    4. Mortality review
    5. Causes of under 5 deaths
    6. The analysis of mortality data
    7. Ways of avoiding the common causes of under-5 deaths
    8. Case studies